How to Write a Critical Analysis of an Article

Knowing how to write a critical analysis essay is very important, because whatever you college of university maybe, at least some professor is likely to ask you at some point to hand a critical analysis essay.

What Is a Critical Article Analysis Paper?

The first question to answer would be - what is critical analysis? With regard to the essay and such kind of assignment, critical analysis writing is the evaluation of the author's work, which can be the analysis of a news article, an article in a research journal, a book, the transcript of a conference, or even a film.

What is the purpose of a critical analysis assignment? In most cases, it is about increasing the reader's understanding of the thesis statement of an article and its content. Writing a critical analysis article is subjective because it expresses the author's opinion, analysis, or evaluation of a particular text.

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In order to understand that one is working with critical analysis, one must remember that critical analysis definition is all about taking parts and a whole and studying the certain piece accordingly. As already mentioned, there can be many types of articles to analyze. You need to understand what type of article you will be working with so that you can find the right tone and format for your future essay.

Remember that your main task in analyzing your article is to make the main points understandable to the audience without too much difficulty. When analyzing an article, you will need to demonstrate your critical thinking skills and make a judgment on the topic to arrive at a clear opinion and conclusion.

How to Write an Analysis of an Article

Start by reading an article in question to understand the author's opinion and purpose. Then begin by creating an outline that will guide you through the main ideas as you prepare to write a critical analysis. Make sure you do the following:

  • Try to avoid talking about your ideas in sentences that start with "I think", "I believe" and "In my opinion";
  • Always make sure to introduce the topic, as the audience may not know the piece in question;
  • Focus on the author's strengths and weaknesses by trying to follow the same structure in all parts of the text;
  • Always use evidence and facts to support your statements and ideas;
  • Remain open and unbiased when preparing your work.

How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay: A Step by Step Guide

How to Critically Analyze a News Article

    Since the news article is intended to inform the public, it is important to understand that news is time-sensitive and often relates to specific events and incidents. When working with critical analysis format in regard to news article, keep the following in mind:

    • Focus on the title of the article and include it in your thesis statement;
    • Focus on your persuasive essay structure, article voice, tone and rhetoric;
    • Examine the structure of the news piece to see how much of personal opinion is in there;
    • Search for metaphors, alliterations, and allegories to understand the true opinion of the author;
    • Determine the tone of the article. It can be critical, angry, passionate, satirical as well as neutral.

    How to Critically Analyze a Research Article

    There are different types of how one can approach critical analysis paper. If you have to analyze a research article, you have to do it this way:

    • Describe the article briefly and explain to the reader what it's about. When reading the piece itself, pay attention to the details that identify the subject of the article;
    • Identify the author's reasoning for choosing a topic with regard to relevance and importance;
    • Concentrate on research methods and try to find out if they seem appropriate or not;
    • Review and provide evidence and facts during the discussion of a research paper and support it with your examples;
    • Check (and indicate if applicable) whether the author refers to other research articles and whether similar studies have been conducted. If so, it should be mentioned and explained in your critical analysis of literature when you discuss research methods and evidence;
    • Analyze the sources used by the author to get a more accurate idea of how the thinking was shaped.

    Article Analysis Model: Tips for Better Writing

    To make writing an essay for critical path analysis or critical discourse analysis easier, we have a useful model. It will guide you through the most critical points. Also if you don't want to write a paper, you can apply at and have enjoy.


    Indicate the title of the analyzed work, the name of the author and the publication date, if available. Describe the main ideas of a report or an article in a research journal to identify the author's stance.

    Write your thesis statement as per analytical essay outline and briefly discuss your main view and ideas about the original work.

    Be brief. After all, it is an introduction!

    Here are a few examples:

    “Tim O'Brien's "The Things They Carried" is an instructive and self-critical story because the author makes a point about…”

    “The article "Racial Prejudice in Pretoria, South Africa" by Joost Van Der Graaf offers an unbiased view of racial relations in South Africa, as the author makes a point of...

    Executive Summary

    Give a brief summary of the main ideas presented in the research article, report, book or film you are analysing.

    This is a real part that should answer the questions of what, why, who, when and how exactly. Discuss the structure of an article you are working with, talk about the author's style and point of view.

    Examples of critical analysis of an article:

    • “This article is about... An academic environment in which this research has been conducted is... The main theme of the report is to tell your a certain vision of a financial crisis... The theme of an investigative article focuses on... The author makes it clear that... The research makes an important point about the difference between homeschooling and public education through the lens... The authors conclude that…”
    • Analysis

    • Explain your ideas using concrete examples from an article, report or book. Then you should indicate and explain whether or not the author has achieved one’s intentions and goals. You should use analysis to see if an original article or paper in the journal is sufficiently focused, clear, unbiased, informative, and convincing. Another important point to check is whether an article is aimed at a specific audience. Check that the conclusions and summary of the piece in question are correct.
    • Conclusion

    • Repeat your thesis without using the same words;
    • Summarize your main points and ideas presented;
    • If necessary and appropriate, make a call to action for your target audience.

    Examples of a conclusion for a critical analysis of an article:

    “This article is important because it offers a... This article is biased because the author is focusing solely on... Instead of using real examples and real statistics, the author of the report only makes assumptions…”

    Let's move on to an example of how to write a truly critical analysis of a research article so that you can learn from and start your own work.

    Article Critical Analysis Example

    Now that you know exactly what critical analysis means, we would like to offer you one of the critique essay examples. The real work has already been done for you.

    This particular critical analysis essay example is based on an important theme of approaching the ethics of virtue and morality in the field of health care.

    "An Approach of the Ethics of Virtue to Moral Dilemmas in Medicine"

    The article "A Virtue Ethics Approach to Moral Dilemmas in Medicine" by Patricia Gardiner, published in the Journal of Medical Ethics in 2003, is an example of a revolutionary study of the role and place of moral and ethical virtue in medicine and nursing practice.

    While the most complex moral dilemmas are analyzed through the lens of consequences and facts, the author takes a different approach in which the ethics of virtue plays a central role in analysis and strategic thinking. In other words, the author tries to make the public understand that as soon as the principles of a person or an organization enter a phase of the conflict, there is always a prejudice that forces the individual to decide which factors one should or should not control.

    Given the emotional and moral elements of an equation, Gardiner uses virtue ethics as a framework that focuses on the character of a moral actor per se rather than simply examining the legitimacy of an action.

    To move on to analyzing an article of two different moral dilemmas, the author goes one step further to illustrate how different scenarios can be ethically evaluated in complex environments such as healthcare. While the subject may appear philosophical to the general public, Gardiner, as a general practitioner, addresses moral dilemmas, which makes his point of view less biased from a practical side.

    However, to return to philosophy, the research article examines the place of reason and discusses the role of emotions in everyday life. It enables the public to see the different circumstances.

    Motivation plays an important role because a virtuous person approaches a situation where internal attitudes, professional skills, and reasoning need to be in balance. Although most of us are familiar with the cases presented by the author, they speak of moral dilemmas in health care from a different perspective.

    Although the case of Jehovah's Witnesses has the element of the legislation, the author speaks of the moral side and the ethics of virtue. The same is true in the case of a physician, where professional judgment collides with fear, stress, and personal experience. What kind of moral decision should be made? The article helps the reader to understand decency and professionalism from a moral standpoint that replaces consistency and deontology.

    It is important to understand that Gardiner does not try to convince the reader that the ethics of virtue is a superior solution or a unique way of dealing with moral dilemmas. One of the differences with the Ethics of Virtue is that it recognizes the emotional component as an integral and important element of moral perception.

    She sees the role of motivation as important in creating a space for human interaction without prejudice. Finally, it offers additional flexibility and enables creative solutions in morally and ethically complex situations where not all parties can be satisfied.

    The article represents an important appeal to all health professionals to look beyond the usual solutions applied on a daily basis and to put virtuous personal and professional qualities such as honesty, courage, empathy, integrity, and the ability to fulfill their obligations and responsibilities in a natural way into practice.”